The mission of the Aeronautics Directorate is to coordinate ONERA's activities in the fields of aeronautics and air transport. It is built around the following programmes: Aeroplanes, Rotary wing aircraft, Propulsion and environment, Air transport systems, Drones and elsA Software platform.

The Directorate's mission is to promote the ONERA strategy within its particular scope, and implement the actions arising from this. It is the main point of contact for clients and stakeholders.